Larger fungi from Turkey, Iran and neighbouring countries

Authors: Watling, Roy & Gregory, Norma M.
Journal: Karstenia, Volume 17 (1977), Issue 2, pages 59-72.
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Abstract:  Species of Agaricales, consisting of all the major families are reported from Turkey and Iran; a few records are from Afghanistan. Collections of Conocybe pubescens (Gill.) Kuhn., Nolanea sericea (Merat ex Fr.) P.D. Orton, Panaeolus teutonicus Bride & Metrod and Podaxis pistillaris (L. ex Pers.) Morse from Kuwait, and Lentinus lepideus (Fr. ex Fr.) Fr. from Pakistan are noted in passing. Pleurotus eryngii Fr. ex DC. was recorded in donkey food from Afghanistan. Eighty five agarics, four boletes (one not identified to species) and twelve Gasteromycetes are listed along with seven records from other families (Auriscalpiaceae I, Bankeraceae I, Cantharellaceae 2, Clavariaceae I, Hydnaceae & Gomphaceae 3). Two Ascomycetes, Morchella esculenta Pers. ex St. Amans and Hypoxylon sassafras (Schw. ex Fr.) Curt. are recorded in an appendix. The most notable finds are Amanita valens Bull. ex Fr., Collybia fuscopurpurea (Pers. ex Fr.) Kumm. agg., Conocybe coprophila (Kuhn.) Kuhn., Cortinarius olivaceo-fuscus Kuhn., Inocybe gymnocarpa Kuhn., Lactarius acris (Bolt. ex Fr.) S.F. Gray, L. ruginosus Romagn., Leccinum quercinum (Pil.) Green & Watling, Lentinellus tridentinus (Sacc. & Syd.) Sing., Lentinus degener Kalchbr., Lepiota cygnea Lange, L. jubilaei Joss., Micromphale brassiocolens (Romagn.) P. D. Orton, Psathyrella agaves R. Mre., Rhodocybe mundula (Lasch) Sing., R. truncata (Schaeff. ex Fr.) Sing., Rhodophyllus (Eccilia) fanicus Romagn., Russula adulterina Fr. s. Melz. & Zvara, R. maculata Quél. and R. subfoetens Smith. Of particular note is the list of members of the Secotiaceae and Tulostomataceae which characterise arid areas; Schizostoma is apparently a new record from Iran. The list contains several other species evidently unrecorded for the countries documented, but caution must be exercised as our knowledge of the fungus floras of these regions is very poor. As much of the material lacked field data or was immature or both, some determinations are necessarily tentative. The fungal sociology of the areas however is indicated, as is the great potential of the mixed frondose/conifer woodland of Northern Turkey.