The assemblages of corticioid fungi (Basidiomycetes) in broadleaf-spruce forests in Belarusian Moraine Ridge physiographic province

Authors: Yurchenko, Eugene
Journal: Karstenia, Volume 47 (2007), Issue 1, pages 17-28.
Full text: PDF
Key words: cluster analysis, Corticiaceae s.l., Querco-Piceetum, sample plot

Abstract: Inventories of corticioid fungi (Basidiomycetes) were carried out on four permanent 400 m2 sample plots scattered over Belarusian Moraine Ridge. Selected coenoses belong to boreonemoral vegetation zone and the forests are dominated by spruce, aspen and oak, of Oxalis and Aegopodium types. The number of corticioid fungi in these forests was in average 37 species, which permits to evaluate Querco-Piceetum as the most species-rich forest type. The largest genera were Hyphodontia (5–7 species per plot) and Peniophora (3–4 species, respectively). In general, the more dead wood was produced by a host the higher was the number of fungal species inhabiting it. In this study spruce plays a minor role as a host for corticioid fungi (in boreonemoral forests), harbouring only a few species. Cluster analyses demonstrated that structure of fungal assemblages is dependent on the type of plant association, and in several cases also on geographical distance between the study sites.